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Tim Vogus

Associate Professor of Management

Subject Area(s): Organization Studies, Health Care

Tim Vogus, Associate Professor of Management, has been on the faculty of the Owen Graduate School of Management since 2004. He currently teaches a course in the MBA core curriculum on Leading Teams and Organizations (MGT 342) as well as an elective MBA course on Negotiation (MGT 448). He was recently named one of the 50 most influential business professors of 2013 and earlier named one of the Top 40 Business School Professors under 40 by  He was the recipient of the Owen Graduate School of Management Research Productivity Award in 2013.  His teaching has been recognized with the James A. Webb Jr. Award for Excellence in Teaching in 2007 and 2013. He was also a finalist for the Webb Award in 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, and 2015. He previously taught Organizational Behavior at the University of Michigan's Ross School of Business and in 2002-2003 he received the Gerald and Lillian Dykstra Fellowship for Teaching Excellence.

Professor Vogus' research specifies the mechanisms through which organizations create and sustain a culture of safety as well as how they enact highly reliable (i.e., nearly error-free) performance through mindful organizing – a set of behaviors by which collectives detect and correct errors and unexpected events.  Understanding how and under what conditions safety culture and mindful organizing are built is an important part of explaining why some organizations perform so much better than others.  He is especially interested in these dynamics in health care settings and their effects on the incidence of medical error at the point of care delivery. His earlier research has been published or is forthcoming in the Annals of Emergency Medicine, Academy of Management Learning & Education, Academy of Management Annals, Academy of Management Perspectives, Academy of Management Review, Annual Review of Public Health, Health Services Research, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Journal of Patient Safety, Medical Care, Medical Care Research and Review, and Organizational Psychology Review. He also has a book under contract from Stanford University Press titled First, Do No Harm: Creating Highly Reliable Health Care Organizations. He also serves on the editorial boards of  Academy of Management Review and Organization Science.

Before his academic career, Professor Vogus worked with the Ford Motor Company in the area of Human Resources and Healthcare Management. Prior to that he was a business process analyst for Andersen Consulting (now Accenture) where he worked on competitive intelligence systems in the chemical industry and multiple system implementations in the utilities industry. He has also previously worked as a research assistant for the Cornell University Program for Employment and Workplace Systems and Public Sector Consultants, Inc. in Lansing, Michigan.

He received his PhD in Management and Organizations from the University of Michigan and his BA in Political Economy and Spanish from Michigan State University.

B.A., Michigan State University, 1995
Ph.D., University of Michigan, 2004

Research Interest(s):
Mindful organizing,high reliability organizations, safety culture, sensemaking, medical error, patient safety, and health care organizations.


Hilligoss, Brian, & Vogus, Timothy J.  (2015).  Navigating Care Transitions: A Process Model of How Doctors Overcome Organizational Barriers and Create Awareness.  Medical Care Research & Review, 72(1): 25-48.
Ward, Michael J., Ferrand, Yann, Laker, Lauren, Froehle, Craig M., Vogus, Timothy J., Dittus, Robert, Kripalani, Sunil, & Pines, Jesse M. (2015). The Nature and Necessity of Operational Flexibility in the Emergency Department. Annals of Emergency Medicine 65(2): 156-161.
Barton, Michelle A., Sutcliffe, Kathleen M., Vogus, Timothy J., & DeWitt, Theodore. (2015).  Performing Under Uncertainty: Contextualized Engagement in Wildland Firefighting. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 23(2): 74-83.
Ward, Michael J., Kripilani, Sunil, Storrow, Alan B., Liu, Dandan, Speroff, Theodore, Matheny, Michael, Thomassee, Eric J., Vogus, Timothy J., Munoz, Daniel, Scott, Carol, Fredi, Joseph L., Dittus, Robert S. (2015). Timeliness of Interfacility Transfer for ED Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 33(3): 423-429.
Austin, J.M., D’Andrea, B. G., Milstein, A., Pronovost, P., Romano, P. S., Singer, S. J., Vogus, T. J., & Wachter, R. M. (2014). Safety in Numbers: The Development of Leapfrog’s Composite Patient Safety Score in U. S. Hospitals. Journal of Patient Safety 10(1): 64-71.
Vogus, T. J., Rothman, N. B., Sutcliffe, K. M., & Weick, K. E.  (2014).  The Affective Foundations of High Reliability Organizing.  Journal of Organizational Behavior 35(4): 592-596.
Vogus, T. J., Cooil, B., Sitterding, M. C., & Everett, L. Q.  (2014).  Safety Organizing, Emotional Exhaustion, and Turnover in Hospital Nursing Units.  Medical Care, 52(10): 870-976.
McClelland, Laura E., & Vogus, Timothy J.  (2014).  Compassion Practices and HCAHPS: Does Rewarding and Supporting Workplace Compassion Influence Patient Perceptions?  Health Services Research, 49(5): 1670-1683.
Singer, S. J., & Vogus, T. J. (2013).  Safety climate research: Taking Stock and Looking Forward.  BMJ Quality & Safety, 22(1): 1-4.
Singer, S. J., & Vogus, T. J. (2013). Reducing hospital errors: Interventions that build safety culture.  Annual Review of Public Health, 34: 373-396.
Grimes, M. G., McMullen, J. S., Vogus, T. J., & Miller, T. L. (2013).  Studying the Origins of Social Entrepreneurship: Compassion and the Role of Embedded Agency.  Academy of Management Review, 38(3): 460-463.
Matlis, S., Vogus, T. J., & Lawrence, T. B. (2013). Sensemaking and Emotion in Organizations.  Organizational Psychology Review, 3(3): 222-247.
Miller, T. L., Grimes, M. G., McMullen, J. S., & Vogus, T. J.  (2012).  Venturing for Others with Heart and Head: How Compassion Encourages Social Entrepreneurship.  Academy of Management Review, 37(4): 616-640.
Vogus, T. J., & Sutcliffe, K. M.  (2012).  Organizational Mindfulness and Mindful Organizing: A Reconciliation and Path Forward.  Academy of Management Learning & Education, 11(4): 722-735.
Vogus, T. J., Sutcliffe, K. M., & Weick, K. E. 2010. Doing No Harm: Enabling, Enacting, and Elaborating a Culture of Safety in Health Care Delivery. Academy of Management Perspectives, 24: 60-77.
Vogus, T. J., & Sutcliffe, K. M. 2007. The Safety Organizing Scale: Development and Validation of a Behavioral Measure of Safety Culture in Hospital Nursing Units. Medical Care, 45: 46-54.  
Vogus, T. J., & Sutcliffe, K. M. 2007. The Impact of Safety Organizing, Trusted Leadership, and Care Pathways on Reported Medication Errors in Hospital Nursing Units. Medical Care, 45: 997-1002.
Vogus, T. J., & Welbourne, T. M. 2003. Structuring for High Reliability: HR Practices and Mindful Processes in Reliability-Seeking Organizations. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24: 877-903.


Vogus, T. J.  2011.  Mindful Organizing: Establishing and Extending the Foundations of Highly Reliable Performance.  In Cameron, K. and Spreitzer, G. M. (Eds.).  The Oxford Handbook of Positive Organizational Scholarship: 664-676.  Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Vogus, T. J., & Davis, G. F. 2005. Elite Mobilizations for Antitakeover Legislation: 1982-1990. In Davis, G.F., McAdam, D., Scott, W.R., and Zald, M.N. (Eds.), Social Movements and Organization Theory: 96-121. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sutcliffe, K.M., Vogus, T. J. 2003. Organizing for Resilience. In Cameron, K., Dutton, J.E., and Quinn, R.E. (Eds.), Positive Organizational Scholarship: 94-110. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.